Agroforestry in Dryland Africa D.Rocheleau, F. Weber, A. Field-Juma Traditional agroforestry systems, combining the use of trees and shrubs with crop and livestock production, have sustained African farmers and livestock owners for generations. In recent decades, droughts and famines in the dry regions of Africa have underlined the need for such sustainable land-use systems, capable of responding rapidly to the rapid shifts in economic and ecological conditions and at the same time maintaining-or in many cases restoring-the soil and water resource upon which life depends. This practical handbook has been written for agroforestry researchers, field workers, policy makers and all those with an interest in sustainable rural development in Africa. The authors are specialists in geography/systems ecology, forestry, engineering and natural resource policy, with considerable experience in rural development. The book begins with guidelines for planning and evaluating agroforestry projects, emphasizing full participation by local communities. The second section describes a wide range of agroforestry practices appropriate for different sites in the rural landscape, including crop and pasture land, slopes and gullies, stream banks, home gardens, roadsides and public places. The final section brings together useful information for the field worker, such as check lists of multipurpose tree species, guidelines for interviews, sample questionnaires, lists of references and contacts, and definitions of agroforestry terminology. (something about the good cartoons and illustrations- Throughout the book, the reader will find insightful cartoons and many excellent illustrations complementing the text, The challenge to agroforestry workers is to maintain traditional land-use systems now under threat, to improve and adapt long-standing practices and to introduce new systems appropriate for changing conditions. The experience and skills of local communities-varied as the environments and cultures of the continent-offer the practical beginnings for the development of ecologically sound land-use systems and hope for the future.